To look back at the year 2020 in fashion is to look back at a year of crisis. In the first few months of 2020, as the severity and scale of the coronavirus pandemic became clear, businesses around the world faced incomparable challenges posed by the largest global public health crisis in generations. The fashion industry was not immune.
Making clothes became extremely difficult, and many people — forced to stay at home amid job insecurity and health concerns — lost their appetite for buying them.
A recent report by consulting firm McKinsey and The Business of Fashion showed that fashion sales in China dropped significantly at the beginning of the year, while in Europe and the United States they fell off a cliff edge in March. The same report predicted that fashion companies’ year-on-year profits would decline by 90 percent for 2020, following a four per cent rise the year before.
But the pandemic wasn’t the only crisis the industry faced. While the fashion world was already reckoning with uncomfortable truths about its impact and practices — from its role in the climate crisis and poor working conditions for garment factory workers, to its failure to create inclusive, diverse workplaces — the events of 2020 have only served to further highlight these problems.
Suddenly, fashion had to find its place in a world ill-at-ease with the ideas of fantasy, frivolity, and indulgence that it has long depended on.
Face masks became the unrivalled accessory of the year. People made their own, brands produced unique designs and, almost overnight, they became the finishing touch to many outfits.
Some labels went a step further by marketing new accessories — and in some cases, entire clothing lines — as having antimicrobial properties. While experts say it is difficult to assess whether antimicrobial treatments can protect wearers from Covid-19, the concept of protective fashion is itself a defining trend. There were also high-fashion riffs on the idea, including Kenzo’s fetching beekeeper-inspired looks presented during Paris Fashion Week in September.
Fashion platform Lyst looked at search data from over 100 million online shoppers and, in its annual report, found that Birkenstock clogs, Crocs, UGG slippers, and Nike joggers were among the year’s most sought-after items of clothing.
Anna Wintour shocked the fashion when Vogue posted on Instagram a photo of her wearing sweatpants.
Reflecting a shift in both reality and mindset, loungewear replaced office attire, and floaty “house dresses” — comfortable enough to take you from home office to daybed — rose in popularity. The term ‘cottagecore’, an internet trend encapsulating the spirit of cozy, rustic living, generated huge buzz as TikTok users showed off their attempts to channel the aesthetic at home. Soccer legend David Beckham tried out the ‘cottagecore” trend, as newly knighted formula 1 star Sir Lewis Hamilton rocked the Black Lives Matter in style.
Statement-wear took on an entirely new meaning in 2020. From protest T-shirts in support of the Black Lives Matter movement to political merchandise in the lead up to the US election, people dressed not to impress, but to convey powerful messages.
According to Lyst data, searches for terms, including “vote” were up 29 per cent week-on-week in the US the month before the presidential election. And when When Michelle Obama wore her now-famous “VOTE” necklace, designed by Chari Cuthbert, demand for the item skyrocketed.